Other (non-King) Skimmers (Libellulidae)

  Red-tailed Pennant (Brachymesia furcata)

South FL species appears to be rapidly expanding north. Only record in GA so far is this male in Atlanta July 2009.

12 Jul - 20 Jul


Four-spotted Pennant (Brachymesia gravida)

Common in marshes in coastal plain. All ages (males on left, female/imm on right) have white stigmas and at least a hint of four black spots on outer wings.

8 May- 11 Nov


Amanda's Pennant (Celithemis amanda)

Note pattern at base of wings, similar to Ornate (Faded) but slightly larger. 14 records below fall line. Female similar to other pennants with wing patches but wing patches large and side of thorax almost unmarked.

2 Jun- 5 Oct

Red-veined Pennant (Celithemis bertha)

Local in coastal plain, 17 records, with a couple of records well out of normal range in north GA. Individuals with black dots on wingtips (lower right) formerly considered a subspecies C.b.leonora.  All males red (both upper), all female/imms yellow (lower). Note heavy dark thoracic stripes of female/imm.

22 Apr- 17 Oct

Calico Pennant (Celithemis elisa)

Small widespread pennant. Males on top, female/imms below. Banded Pennant female/imm has larger spots and not as yellow. Note also that Calico female/imm has fairly weak pattern on side of thorax, somewhat like Amanda's but of course much more wing markings. Note also that spots in wing vary in size, smallest is shown at upper right.

3 Apr- 21 Nov

Halloween Pennant (Celithemis eponina)

Largest of the small pennants, widespread, male has more color than female. Often perch with wings up as in middle images. Note that both middle images are males, one on right is imm but can be told from female by shape of cerci. Note that wings are colored in addition to spots.

13 Mar- 28 Nov


Banded Pennant (Celithemis fasciata)

Small widespread dark pennant. Even female/imm much darker than other small pennants.

28 Apr- 5 Nov


Ornate Pennant (Celithemis ornata)
(formerly Faded Pennant)

Note shape of basal wing patch to separate from other pennants. Top row and middle right are males, yellow ones are imm male/female. Note pattern on side of thorax, compare to Amanda's, and note that size of wing spot variable but always smaller than Amanda's.

13 Mar- 5 Nov

Double-ringed Pennant (Celithemis verna)

Twelve records. Name comes from imm/female lower three images, with two yellow rings on abdomen..

17 Apr- 6 Aug

Swift Setwing (Dythemis velox)

Uncommon from north into mid-coastal plain, note spot on slender abdomen and pattern on thorax. Typical posture at upper left with wings canted forward.

28 Mar- 16 Oct

Eastern Pondhawk (Erythemis simplicicollis)

Very common and widespread. Some authorities consider this and the Western Pondhawk to be one species, and call it "Common Pondhawk." Male is all blue except for green face and white appendages at end of abdomen. Females on upper and middle right. Imm male at center left is also green, looks like female but note shape of cerci. Imm males on lower row are changing from green imm color to blue adult, always abdomen first. Commonly perches on ground.

5 Mar- 21 Nov

Seaside Dragonlet (Erythrodiplax berenice)

Small and found only in saltwater environments. Typical male upper left, typical female upper right, older female lower left. Several other variations, including brown patches in wings.

13 May- 6 Oct

Little Blue Dragonlet (Erythrodiplax minuscula)

Tiny but widespread. Male (upper left) looks like miniature E Pondhawk but with black face. Imm male at middle left is changing from female-like colors to blue. Some females like lower left quite reddish, or faded like middle right.

6 Mar- 8 Dec

Band-winged Dragonlet (Erythrodiplax umbrata)

No recent verified records in GA. The imm at left was in Ft Lauderdale FL 10 Feb 2001. Male at upper right has black bands instead of  faded spots, taken south FL 16 Jan 2004. Female at lower right also south FL.

31 Aug- 6 Dec

Marl Pennant (Macrodiplax balteata)

Found almost always near marl ponds, or wandering around near saline ponds. The female on the left was the first record for GA, found and photographed by Todd Schneider of GA DNR near Brunswick on 13 Jul 2006. The male on the right was near St George on 29 Jun 2007.    

Hyacinth Glider (Miathyria marcella)

Found almost always near water hyacinth, and local across southern Georgia, but increasing. Often found in large numbers in a small area, and rarely found perched. Males on left, females on right.
21 Apr- 16 Nov

Elfin Skimmer (Nannothemis bella)

Rare, 9 records. Male on upper row, note tiny size and slightly clubbed abdomen. Females on second row, note amount of segments with pale marks variable. Imm male (lower right) looks like adult male but much darker.

5 Mar- 21 May

Roseate Skimmer (Orthemis ferruginea)

Color of male unmistakable, top row. Imm male looks like female (middle left). Female has stripes on thorax and more orange than king skimmers, also note slight clubbed appearance of female (usually, bottom images). Flanges of club usually tipped with black but not always. Older female at lower left is faded and dark. Widespread below fall line and expanding to north.

6 Mar- 7 Dec

Blue Dasher (Pachydiplax longipennis)

Very common, found in nearly every habitat in large numbers (few in rivers), and highly variable. Size varies from small (little blue dragonlet) to medium (pondhawk). In male, blue abdomen with black tip, green face, amber color in wing bases. Imm/female in lower right two images. Note all ages have a striped thorax, an important mark for field id which separates this species from all lookalikes.

13 Mar- 16 Nov

Wandering Glider (Pantala flavescens)

Both Pantala gliders have long slender wings and are rarely seen perched. Wandering is more common, and appears overall yellow in flight. Looks paler in flight than Spot-winged below. Sometimes you can see the reddish eyes. Males on left, females on right. Often found patrolling small puddles or trying to oviposit on car hoods in parking lots.

22 Apr- 29 Dec

Spot-winged Glider (Pantala hymenea)

Spot-winged appears brown or reddish in flight, and the spot on the wing is very difficult to see in flight. Rarely seen perched. Both species of gliders are accomplished migrants. Nine records.                11 May- 12 Oct

Eastern Amberwing (Perithemis tenera)

Very small and widespread, mostly in still waters. Male has unmarked wings, female/imm (four bottom images) usually hav large spots in all wings. Sometimes few spots as imm male is maturing (center right). Commonly seen in obelisk position.

31 Mar- 6 Nov

Blue-faced Meadowhawk (Sympetrum ambiguum)

Uncommon but widespread, flies later in year. Note blue face of male (lower left) and more black markings on red abdomen (compare to Autumn, the other common meadowhawk, below).

24 Apr- 2 Dec

Variegated Meadowhawk (Sympetrum corruptum)

This rare ode is a stray from the west, and has only been recorded in 5 counties. Top left is from AZ in July 1999 and top right from AL 2001. Lower left was at Kennesaw Mountain Cobb Co 16 Apr 2008. 
                                         27 Oct- 6 May 

Ruby Meadowhawk (Sympetrum rubicundulum)

Rare in northern GA, 6 county records. Adult male (upper left) has little if any dorsal black marking on abdomen. Older females (upper right) get almost as red as males, more typical females on bottom row.

7 Jun- 25 Sep

Band-winged Meadowhawk (Sympetrum semicinctum)

This rare species has been recorded only from four GA locations: Towns, Walker, Dade, and Floyd Counties.

24 May- 7 Aug

Autumn Meadowhawk (Sympetrum vicinum)

Uncommon and flies later in year, 15 records. Formerly called Yellow-legged Meadowhawk. Note yellow legs of adult, gets darker with age, and red abdomen with little black. Adult male has red forehead. Also frequently has amber markings near wing bases. Imm/females can be very dull, lower left.

7 Jun- 28 Nov

Carolina Saddlebags (Tramea carolina)

Widespread throughout Georgia, highly migratory. Can be found except in coldest months. Adult males on left redder than female/imms at upper and middle right which are orange-red.

11 Mar- 7 Dec

Black Saddlebags (Tramea lacerata)

Also widespread, can be found somewhere in Georgia most of the year, and highly migratory. Females/imms have yellow/fading to white spots on abdomen (all right and lower left) and males are almost all black with faded spots. Typical pose at lower left, but rarely seen perched.

24 Mar- 15 Nov

Red Saddlebags (Tramea onusta)

Western species rare in Georgia, about 5 records. Similar to Carolina but paler and less color in wings. Detail at upper right is male hamule, part of accessory genitalia near base of abdomen (can also be seen in image at upper left). Hamule of male Red Saddlebags is much longer than that of Carolina and extends much farther out, noticeable at close range or in hand. Also note exact shape and area of red in wing detail. Lower left scan from TX, all others from FL.                                      15 Apr- 22 Sep


Giff's Home Page Birds Dragonflies Nature

Please email me with any comments or questions: giffbeaton@mindspring.com

Hit Counter hits since counter added 31 Jan 2006

All photographs copyright 2010 by Giff Beaton unless otherwise noted.